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Outcomes of immature oocytes collected from ovarian tissue for cryopreservation in adult and prepubertal patients

Reproductive BioMedicine Online, Volume 34, Issue 6, June 2017, Pages 575 - 582

Abstract

The efficiency of oocyte in-vitro maturation (IVM) and vitrification procedures after ex-vivo collection from ovarian tissue were assessed according to patient age, number of retrieved oocytes and tissue transport conditions. The combined procedure was performed in 136 patients: 130 adults (mean 27.6 ± 5.6 years) and six prepubertal girls (mean 8.7 ± 2.3 years). A higher mean number of oocytes were collected in girls compared with adults (11.5 ± 8.0 versus 3.8 ± 4.2, respectively, P < 0.001) but the percentage of degenerated oocytes was significantly higher in girls (35.5% versus 17.1%, respectively, P < 0.001). IVM rates were significantly lower in prepubertal than postpubertal population (10.3% versus 28.1%, P = 0.002). In adults, a negative correlation was observed between number of retrieved oocytes and age (P = 0.002; r = −0.271); the correlation was positive between anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and number of collected oocytes (P = 0.002; r = 0.264). IVM rates were not correlated with AMH levels (r = 0.06) or age (r = −0.033). At present, nine oocytes and one embryo have been warmed in four patients and one biochemical pregnancy obtained. This suggests the combined procedure could be an additional option for fertility preservation.

Keywords: Cryobanking, Fertility preservation, In-vitro maturation, Oocyte, Ovarian tissue, Vitrification.

Footnotes

a Research Laboratory on Human Reproduction, Campus Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium

b Fertility Clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CUB-Erasme Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium

* Corresponding author.